There is no point in re-inventing the wheel. If you need resources, make use of what is available, at least as a starting point. The links below will direct you to some useful resources.
Many Universities make some of their teaching materials and other resources available online. The following are only a few examples.
Some commercial sites are sponsored by the food industry. Some are overtly commercial, but many contain excellent resources.
Some medical and scientific journals are available online. For an expanded list, click here
- Online Databases
Databases and search engines that will find abstracts (and some full papers) include:
Some Journals make some or all of their content freely available online, while others restrict access to paying subscribers. Some provide free access to papers when they are more than 12 months old. Free full journal content is available from:
- Nutrition Society
- American Physiological Society
- Journal of Applied Physiology
- American Journal of Physiology, Endocrinology and Metabolism
- American Journal of Physiology, Renal Physiology
- American Journal of Physiology, Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
- Experimental Physiology
- The Journal of Physiology
- The Physician and Sports Medicine
- British Journal of Sports Medicine
- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
- Online Journals
Online Journals relevant to sport and exercise nutrition. Most of these offer some access to all content, but others require a subscription or payment per article. Free full contents are available for some, while abstracts only are available for others. Most offer fully searchable archives.
- American Heart Journal
- The American Journal of Cardiology
- The American Journal of Medicine
- The Annals of Occupational Hygiene
- Biochemical and Molecular Medicine
- Body Image
- Brain and Cognition
- British Journal of Nutrition
- The British Medical Journal
- Cardiovascular Research
- Clinica Chimica Acta
- Clinical Nutrition
- Clinical Nutrition Supplements
- Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology
- Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
- e-SPEN, the European e-Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism
- Eating Behaviors
- Food Chemistry
- Food Policy
- Food Quality and Preference
- Food Research International
- Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
- Hormones and Behavior
- Human Movement Science
- Human Growth and Development
- International Journal of Aromatherapy
- International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical activity
- International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
- Journal of the American Dietetic Association
- The Journal of the American Medical Association
- Journal of Circadian Rhythms
- Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
- Journal of Free Radicals in Biology & Medicine
- Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
- Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine
- Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
- The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
- Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
- Journal of Thermal Biology
- Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
- The Lancet
- Nutrition and Metabolism
- Nutrition Journal
- Nutrition Today
- Nutrition Bulletin
- Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
- Nutrition Research
- Nutrition Research Reviews
- Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
- Physiology & Behavior
- Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
- Psychology of Sport and Exercise
- Public Health Nutrition
- Regulatory Peptides
- Respiration Physiology
- Science & Sports
- Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
- Trends in Food Science & Technology
- Online Books
Books on ScienceDirect Some are available as full texts, while only abstracts are available for others.
- Advances in Clinical Chemistry
- Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
- Antioxidant Food Supplements in Human Health
- Blood-Spinal Cord and Brain Barriers in Health and Disease
- Creatine and Creatine Phosphate
- Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition
- Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition
- Human Growth and Development
- Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease
- Nutritional Biochemistry (Second Edition)
- Vitamins & Hormones
Professional Organisations and Associations
Apart from PINES, which is a global association for individuals working in sports nutrition and dietetics, most associations are organised on a national basis. Membership of some of these organisations is open only to registered dietitians, while others are open to both nutritionists and dietitians. Some of the organisations listed below are oriented towards sports medicine and/or sports science, but have some sports nutrition elements. Not all of these websites are not friendly towards non-members, but some include substantial amounts of freely-available information, in some cases, this includes job postings.
- The (British) Nutrition Society
- Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)
- The American College of Sports Medicine
- American Dietetic Association
- Sports Dietitians Australia (SDA)
- The British Dietetic Association
- International Society of Sports Nutrition
- Dietitians in Sport and Exercise Nutrition
- Website of The Obesity Society
- American Society for Nutrition
- Society for the Study of Ingestive Behaviour.
- American Council for Fitness and Nutrition
- Academy for Eating Disorders
- American Heart Association
- American Diabetes Association
- International Union of Nutrition Sciences.
Many sites provide resources for those looking for a new job. These include some that just list jobs available, and others that provide guidance on issues like writing a letter of application, preparing an effective cv, etc. Some sites are specific to one country, but others are international. The following is not a complete listing, but may be helpful.
Most of these websites do not have much information specifically on sports nutrition, but some do. All have details of the organisation and the rules of the sport, and usually also a large amount of current news and history as well as video, images, etc. All will also have anti-doping information and other relevant links.
- International Federations
The following links will take you to the websites of the International Federations of most of the major international sports. These are an excellent starting point for sport-specific information, including rules and regulations, current news, the history of the sport, etc. If we have missed any, let us know.
- Ice Hockey
- Modern Pentathlon
- Table Tennis
- National Federations
Some National Federations also have useful websites. Among these are:
- Coaching Associations
Some countries also have national coaching associations that may have useful information on their websites.
There are some excellent news websites covering sport, including most of the major television channels and newspapers. While some of these focus primarily on local (ie national) events, others take an international perspective: both may be useful, depending on what you are looking for. Useful news sites include:
- Governing Bodies
The national and international governing bodies of sport also provide a comprehensive news coverage, and often also have an archive of past news items that can be very useful when tracing the development of a story. You can access the International Federations of most of the major sports here. A large amount of current news and history as well as video, images, etc can be found on the following sites:
Some of the sites listed above are more reliable than others, but all will provide some useful information.
- American Dietetic Association
- Tufts University website
- US Department of Agriculture
- International Food Information Council
- Gatorade Sports Science Institute
- Australian Institute of Sport
- Website of the American Heart Association
- International Bibliographic Information on Dietary Supplements (IBIDS)
- News stories
- Website of the Food Standards Agency
- European food industry
- The website of the Nutrition Society
- The US Surgeon General?s report on Physical Activity and Health
- World Health Organisation
- International Obesity Taskforce
- US NIH National Instititute
- Demographic trends
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Eating disorders
- US Government
The US Government makes a large number of high quality images on a wide range of topics freely available. Most of these images and graphics are available for use in the public domain, and they may be used and reproduced without permission or fee. However, some images may be protected by license. We strongly recommend you thoroughly read the disclaimers on each site before use.
- U.S. Government Graphics and Photos
- CDC DPDx Parasite Image Library
- Indian Health Service Photo Gallery
- National Institutes of Health Photo Galleries
- National Library of Medicine's Anatomy Images, AnatLine
- National Library of Medicine's Images from the History of Medicine
- National Library of Medicine's Medical Stock Images
- National Library of Medicine's "Visible Human"
- Department of State Portraits and Stock Photographs
- National Park Service Digital Image Archives
- Fish and Wildlife Service Digital Library System
- Federal Emergency Management Administration Photo Library
- U.S. Geological Survey Photographic Library
- Bureau of Land Management Digital Photo Library
- National Aeronautics & Space Administration Ames Imaging Library
- National Aeronautics & Space Administration Video Gallery
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Photo Library
- Department of Agriculture On Line Photography Center
- Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Reading Room
- National Science Foundation Image Library
- Department of Defense Multimedia Library
- U.S. Mint Image Library
- Customs and Border Protection Image Library
Many companies offer high quality professional images for sale, but the cost is often prohibitive for sports dietitians and for college lecturers. Many websites offer downloadable images at no cost, but the quality is usually poor. There are some exceptions, though. Remember that images may be subject to copyright and it is your responsibility to ensure that you have the relevant permissions. The following sites offer free images for non-commercial users. Some are better than others and most of the sites will feature pop-ups and other annoying distractions.
- US Government
The US FDA Web Pages are usually a good starting point for dietary supplement information. Several different parts of the site contain relevant information, including the links below.
- Dietary Supplements
- Food Labeling and Nutrition
- Qualified Health Claims
- Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
- Federal Trade Commission
- Office of Dietary Supplements, NIH
- US Department of Agriculture - Food Safety and InspectionService
- US Department of Agriculture - Food and Nutrition Service
- National Academy of Sciences
- An interesting commercial site for information onsupplements
- Safety and Labelling (US)
International travel for training and competition is part of the normal life of many athletes. Travel is rewarding, but brings some challenges. Managing these challenges is essential to maximise the rewards and minimise the risks.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the British Government provides extensive advice on a very wide range of topics for most destinations around the world. The site is updated daily and includes terrorist warnings, health and safety issues, money, etc and even includes a specific section on travel for sporting events.
- Weather and Environmental Conditions
There are many excellent sites providing both short and long term weather forecasts as well as weather histories for most cities in the world. Some of these will provide average weather conditions for any date of the year as well as the historical extremes.
- Travel Fatigue/Jet Lag
Jet lag occurs when the body clock is disrupted by crossing a number of time zones in a short space of time. The symptoms can include fatigue, disorientation and an inability to sleep.
- Health Issues
Anyone planning international travel should be fully informed about the potential health hazards of the countries they are travelling to and learn how to minimise any risk to health. This is especially true for athletes and teams who travel for training and competition – minor infectious illnesses can seriously disrupt a training camp and prevent participation in competitions. Forward planning, appropriate preventive measures and careful precautions are essential to reduce the risks.
- World Health Organisation report providing information on the main health risks for travellers
- UK Government site. Regularly updated alerts on disease outbreaks all over the world, together with advice for travellers about staying safe.
- Commercial site offering (for a small fee) customised health travel advice.
- The Journal of Travel Medicine
- Environmental Challenges
Competitions often take place at environmental extremes, and athletes need to be aware of issues related to competitions in the heal, cold or at altitude. The following sites offer some useful advice and resources.
There are many different options for the analysis of food intake records. These were traditionally paper-based, but are now very largely computer-based, allowing greater flexibility and ease of use. Some of the available programs are complex and expensive, while others offer convenience and simplicity of use.
Some programs allow calculation by weights or standard portion sizes, while others offer only the option of using either food weights or portions. Some include recipes, while others do not, but allow you to analyse ingredients separately. Some will automatically add results to a spreadsheet, greatly simplifying the process of analysing diets.
The following are some of the programs that you might choose to use, but you may well have others that you are currently using. Some of the free sites are good, but there may be problems, like frequent and annoying pop-ups or a limited range of foods in the database. Some are blatantly selling something, but still may have some good ideas along the way.
You might like to try some of those listed below and compare them with your current favourite. If so, it would be good to share your views with others. If you know of other diet analysis software that should be added to this list and would like to share this with colleagues, please let us know./p>
- Interactive Sites
There are also some good interactive sites that use recall and portion size prompts.
- Commercial Sites
Many commercial sites also have comprehensive databases of the composition of their products. These can be useful when these items are not included on other databases: they usually give composition per serving as well as per 100g./p>
Anti-Doping and Supplement Contamination Issues
- National Anti Doping Agencies
- Anti-Doping Norway
- Australian Sports Drug Agency
- Bundesamt für Sport und Fachkommission für Dopingbekämpfung (Swiss)
- Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport
- Japan Anti-Doping Agency
- Netherlands Centre for Doping Affairs
- New Zealand Sports Drug Agency
- South African Institute for Drug Free Sport
- UK Sport
- United States Anti-Doping Agency